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Dams are giant concrete structures that hold back large amounts of water, used for different reasons such as hydro power, flood control and water storage. These dams are so large that they are often a tourist attraction in their own right. Here are the top 10 most beautiful dams in the world.
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List of Top 10 Most Beautiful Dams in The World
Dams are hydro-electric structures used to store water and regulate its flow across a river or large body of water. Our Earth has over 45,000 large dams and countless small dams. However, only a handful of these dams are known for their beauty and are often recognized as one of the “7 New Wonders of the World”. This will look at the top 10 most beautiful dams in the world.
#1. Hoover Dam
The Hoover Dam is an excellent structure. Built in the 1930s, this structure is one of the largest in the United States. When it was completed it was the largest concrete structure in the world at that time. It is also the largest hydroelectric power station in the United States. An interesting fact about the Hoover Dam is that because of the large influx of people that came to see the structure, a small town had to be built to house them.
#2. Three Gorges Dam
Three Gorges Dam, the world 3rd largest hydroelectric power station, it is the largest power station and the largest artificial reservoir. It is located on the Yangtze River in China, built and managed by China Huadian Corporation.
Three Gorges Dam is three and a half times as long, 1.85 times as wide, and twice as high as Hoover Dam. It is also the largest hydraulic project in history and the largest power station in the world by installed capacity with 22,500 MW of capacity.
#3. Verzasca Dam
The Verzasca Dam is a dam in northern Switzerland. The dam forms Lago di Vogorno, the third largest lake in Switzerland. Situated in the southern canton of Ticino, the area around the dam is a nature reserve owned by Società per l’Ambiente Tutta la Valle Verzasca and licensed to Consorzio per la Gestione della Valle Verzasca.
#4. Aswan Dam
Aswan Dam is the most famous and largest dam of Egypt. It was in 1960 by the president Gamal Abdel Nasser and later completed by his successor Anwar Sadat. It is also known as Assuan Dam as it is located near to the city of Aswan. It has a length of 1000 feet, height of 178 feet and it was built for the purpose of irrigation.
#5. Atatürk Dam
The Ataturk Dam is a gravity dam on the Euphrates River in southern Turkey. It is located upstream of the city of Samsat, about 75 km east of Adıyaman, and just west of Malikiye. The dam was built for hydroelectricity and flood control. It was opened in 1992 and consists of a 150 m-high concrete gravity dam flanked by 2 concrete auxiliary dams on the left and one on the right.
#6. Kariba Dam
Kariba Dam is one of the most beautiful dams in the world. It is a man-made lake and hydroelectric dam in the Kariba Gorge along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Kariba Dam was constructed between 1955 and 1959 and cost over £100 million. At the time, it was the largest earth dam in the world. The Kariba Dam holds back the waters of Lake Kariba and supplies hydroelectric power to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Zambia.
#7. Monticello Dam
Known as one of the most beautiful dams in the world, the Monticello Dam was built in the 1940s by the Bureau of Reclamation. It is a concrete arch-gravity dam on the Salt River in northern Arizona. The dam is unique for its rounded arches, sloping upstream sides and a thin concrete shell. The dam stands 21 feet from the foundation and is 120 feet wide at its base. The entire dam is 710 feet long.
#8. Gordon Dam
Gordon dam is a gravity dam on the upper reaches of the Vaal River in South Africa. It is the largest dam in the country and part of the largest man-made public water supply system in the world. Built at a cost of ZAR 2.6 billion, the dam was officially opened in February 1968.The Gordon Dam services the large Vaal Dam, which was built on the same river further down stream. The Vaal Dam has a water catchment area of 8 300 km², and supplies water to a number of large industrial, agricultural, and municipal users.
#9. Mangla Dam
Mangla Dam is one of the most beautiful dams in the world. It is a multipurpose project located on the Jhelum River in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The primary purpose of the dam is irrigation to provide water for the Indus Valley Canal. The timing of construction is such that the dam irrigated approximately 370,000 acres of land during its first year of operation. The dam is also used to supply water to the Tarbela and Mangla hydropower stations.
#10. Katse Dam
Katse Dam is one of the best dam in the world and also the most beautiful dams in the world. Katse Dam is not just a dam, it is a dam located near Sehaleshwini in Lesotho that provides electricity to this southern African country. A dam is a barrier that is designed to restrict or control the flow or water and it is done by creating a reservoir. A Katse Dam is not the only dam in Lesotho, there are other types of dams in Lesotho.
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